Health & Hygiene for your Cat

Health & Hygiene

Having a healthy cat is very important. Cats are generally very clean animals, and are easily house trained. Most importantly, ensure their ongoing health and well-being is maintained with a healthy diet, up-to-date vaccinations and a clean, warm place to live.


Fleas

Unfortunately, even with spotless homes and the cleanest of pets, fleas are something that can be a problem for every cat. In addition to being irritating to the skin, if left untreated they can cause severe problems too; not only for your cat, but for the other residents of your home as well!

Symptoms of Fleas

• Frequent scratching, particularly on the lower back, above the tail
• Inflammation of the skin
• Restlessness and distress

Treatment of Fleas

Firstly, the thing to remember about treating fleas is that you must also treat the environment in which your cat is living. Therefore, their bed, their favourite chair, and other items all need to be treated too.
If you discover fleas, a multi-treatment programme is recommended which includes:
• Wash the cats coat
• Treat your cat regularly with a preventative flea treatment
• Apply a full home flea treatment to your cats living quarters. This may also mean that your home needs to be treated in full.

Remember Fleas can lay as many as 50 eggs per day, and up to 2000 in their lifetime, so early frequent preventative treatment is highly recommended.

Worming

Like fleas, worms are a common problem for cats that can cause severe discomfort if not treated. Firstly, kittens should be given a preventative treatment every two weeks until they reach six months; secondly, an additional treatment should be issued every three months for life.

Grooming

Healthy cats by their nature are very clean animals, and are easily house trained. However, longer haired breeds will require regular brushing and bathing to prevent matting. In conclusion, this will keep their coat healthy and clean. On the other hand, short haired breeds should not need to be bathed unless their coats have become particularly soiled.

Nail clipping

Cats nails can get very sharp and they will want a place to scratch them. Therefore, it is recommended that you provide your cat with a custom made scratch post. If not, they will choose their own chair, your sofa or that family heirloom that has survived four generations! Scratching will also help to keep their nails trim; or cats nails can be clipped, but it is recommended that you seek experienced assistance to do this. If this is done incorrectly it can cause an injury, as their nails contain a vein which will bleed if cut.


Neutering & Spaying

There are a number of different reasons to neuter [males] or spay [females] your cat. In short, both are surgical procedures which will prevent your cat from reproducing.

Benefits of Neutering & Spaying

  • It increases your pets chances for a longer, healthier life
  • In females, it reduces their chances of developing mammary cancer and removes the risk of uterine and ovarian infections
  • In males, it removes the risk of testicular cancer and may prevent prostate related illnesses
  • It will prevent your cat from roaming

Will it hurt?

Both neutering and spaying procedures are carried out under general anesthetic; and in conclusion, is normally painless, straightforward and low risk. After that, your cat may experience some discomfort for a short time during recovery. Your vet is best positioned to answer any further specific questions you may have.

When to Neuter & Spay?

It is widely recommended having your cat neutered (males) or spayed (females) between five to six months old.

Vaccinations

All cats need to be vaccinated against Feline Leukaemia, Feline Parvovirus and Cat Flu, each of which are highly contagious and fatal illnesses.

To ensure the ongoing health of your entire family, all kittens should be vaccinated between weeks eight and ten, with a secondary dose due at week 12.

However, booster vaccinations will be required at 15 months, and annually thereafter.


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